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CBSE Notes 2011-2012

SMART EXAM PREPARATION - 12 important ways and tricks to improve your writing skills

Here I present for the dear students, 12 important ways and tricks to improve your writing skills while writing in exam copies to gain more marks for your knowledge:

General Instructions
Before you start:
1. Take a selection of differently shaped pens. 
2. These can ease the pressure on your fingers and thumbs when writing.    
3. Take spares, a ruler, rubber, and any instruments you might need.    
4. Settle in as quickly as possible, and avoid distractions.              
5. Check the instructions and questions on the exam paper.  
6. Confirm that the structure is what you expect [number of questions to be answered, time allocated].  
7. Remember that the time allowed includes the time for reading the paper and preparing answers.
The paper:
1. Make your choices and get started as quickly as possible.                                                                                                       2. Begin with an overview of the paper.                                                                                                                                 3. Identify those questions you can answer or prefer to attempt.                                                                                                      4. Eliminate any you can’t answer or prefer to avoid.                                                                                                                5. When you have eliminated questions, you have less material to deal with.                                                                                   6. Analyse the questions as you would for course work – but do it quickly.                                                                                                                              7. Stick to those topics you have revised: don’t try something new.

Organization skills
1. Use of Black pen for every heading.
2. Use of only pencil for underlining important words & headings.                                                                                                        
3. Gap of atleast one finger thick between two words.
4. Leave a line after completion of each answer.
5. Do not solve subparts of a question separately.                                                                                                                           
6. Any section when started should be attempted in continuous manner.
7. Paragraph:-
Ø  Less paragraphs should be used in a single answer.
Ø  No. of points in a paragraph should be more.
Ø  These should be mainly preferred in Long answers.
Ø  In the paragraph of short answers you should include 3 parts:                                                                            a)Topic sentence    
b) supporting details  
c) closing sentence
Topic Sentence
What is the topic sentence?
The topic sentence is the first sentence in a paragraph.
 
What does it do? It introduces the main idea of the paragraph.
 
How do I write one? Summarize the main idea of your paragraph. Indicate to the reader what your paragraph will be about.
 
Example:
There are three reasons why Canada is one of the best countries in the world. First, Canada has an excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Second, Canada has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Canada's cities are clean and efficiently managed. Canadian cities have many parks and lots of space for people to live. As a result, Canada is a desirable place to live.
Supporting Details
What are supporting sentences?
They come after the topic sentence, making up the body of a paragraph.
What do they do?
They give details to develop and support the main idea of the paragraph.
How do I write them?
You should give supporting facts, details, and examples.
Example:                                                                                                                                                                    There are three reasons why Canada is one of the best countries in the world. First, Canada has an excellent health care system. Second, Canada has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Canada's cities are clean and efficiently managed. Canadian cities have many parks and lots of space for people to live. As a result, Canada is a desirable place to live.
Closing Sentence
What is the closing sentence?
The closing sentence is the last sentence in a paragraph.
What does it do?
It restates the main idea of your paragraph.
How do I write one?
Restate the main idea of the paragraph using different words.
Example:
There are three reasons why Canada is one of the best countries in the world. First, Canada has an excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Second, Canada has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Canada's cities are clean and efficiently managed. Canadian cities have many parks and lots of space for people to live. As a result, Canada is a desirable place to live.

8. Diagrams :-
Position: At the centre of the page.
Size: Wide and large.
Ø  Draw only with a PENCIL.
Ø  Should be PROPER and CLEARLY VISIBLE.
 
Labeling:
Ø  Maximum labeling should be done.
Ø  Should always be one sided.
Ø  Away from diagram.
Ø  Nothing should be written on diagram.
Ø  All the labeling must be parallel.
Ø  Usually done on RIGHT side of the copy.

 

 Title: It is necessary to be written below the diagram. Should be with a BLACK PEN.

9.Flow charts:
Where to draw?
Ø  Whenever we need to write Types, Classification, Advantages, Uses, Process.
Ø  It is the MOST attractive way of representation.

10.Headings:
(i) Main heading-
Ø  Should be in CAPITAL letters. For ex: ‘TYPES’, ‘USES’, etc.
Ø  Written with BLACK PEN.
Ø  Should be UNDERLINED with pencil.
(ii) Sub heading-
Ø  Should have first alphabet capital. For ex: “Science”
Ø  Use while writing Advantages, disadvantages, merits, demerits, uses, method, effects, etc.
Ø  Different subheadings must be used in points.

11.How to gain extra credit
1. Get straight to the point. No lengthy introductions.
2. Stay on the subject. No digressions, waffling, or ‘packing’.
3. Relate all parts of your answer to the original question.
4. Show evidence of your knowledge of the subject.
5. Wherever possible, give concrete examples as evidence.

12.Checking your answers
1. Spend the last few moments glancing over what you have written.
2. Check for possible mistakes of fact, grammar, and punctuation.
3. Correct mistakes as neatly as possible. Don’t scribble.
4. Write any additions on the left-hand page, and show insertion points clearly.
5. Make sure your name, ID, and other details are on the cover sheet.